Ağrı

AĞRI

  • Population: 536199
  • Universities: 1
  • Airport: 1
  • Train Station: 0
  • Plate Code: 4

Information

Agri, Turkey's central district of the city and Agri province in eastern Anatolia. It has also experienced more than one name change in history. Karakili was named after Ağrı, inspired by Ararat, Karaköse and finally Mount Ararat. The altitude of this city is 1.632 m.

It was established in the north of Ağrı Plain. It has a very cold climate and has a low forest area. The majority of the people are engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. April 15 is celebrated as "Liberation Day from Occupation".

HISTORY

During the entry of the tribes coming from Central Asia to Anatolia, Ağrı formed a transition and therefore hosted many civilizations. However, since these civilizations saw Ağrı as an entrance door, they could not create a very deep-rooted civilization here. Upon the loss of the power of the Hittites, who were thought to have dominated the region, Hurriler settled in the region between 1340 BC and 1200 BC. The Hurrians could not hold Ağrı, which is far from the kingdom center Urfa. Urartians formed the most deeply rooted civilization in the region. Expeditions to the countries in the north and northeast of Van Lake of Urartu, during the reign of King Ispuini (825 BC-810 BC), these raids during the period of King Menua (810 BC-876 BC). gained more weight. The castles built on the roads to the north and northeast show that the trips made here are planned in advance. An Urartian inscription found between the Karakoyunlu and Taşburun villages on the slopes of Mount Ararat is the definitive proof of King Menua's sovereignty in this region. The Cimmerians, dating back to Kızılırmak tribes in 712 BC, established a temporary domination in Agri. Medler (708 BC-555 BC) entered a spreading process with the collapse of the Assyrian State and as a result they added Ağrı and its surroundings to their lands. Persians with the collapse of Medler; They lived in the region for about two centuries until Alexander the Great defeated Persian King Darius III (331 BC) and captured Anatolia. The Armenians, who benefited from the vacuum formed upon the death of Alexander the Great, seized the region. The first Turkish community to come and settle in Eastern Anatolia BC. They are Saka who came to the region in 680. They settled in the Murat River and Doğubayazıt circles in a short time. Later, Arsaklılar and Artaksıyaslı Kingdom dominated Ağrı and its surroundings. The region, Hz. It was conquered by the Islamic armies in the time of Osman. Ağrı, which remained under the control of the Abbasids until 872, later passed under the sovereignty of Byzantium. After the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, Turkish tribes started to come to the region. Ağrı has been within the boundaries of the Sökmenli State for nearly a hundred years. Ani Atabekleri between 1027-1225, Genghis in 1239, İlhanli and Celayiris between 1256 and 1358 ruled in Ağrı. Ilhanites sometimes held their congresses on Mount Ararat, and ruled Anatolia and Iran from here. In 1393, Mongolian Hakaki Aksak Timur took over the Ağrı region. Between 1405 and 1468, Ağrı was located within the territories of Karakoyunlu, and when Karakoyunlular collapsed, the region became under the sovereignty of Akkoyunlular. After Ağrı and Çaldıran War, Yavuz Sultan Selim joined the Ottoman lands. The name of the province, known as Şorbulak in the Ottoman period, was changed to Karakilise during the time of the Armenians. The name of Karakilise was changed to Karaköse at the time of Kazım Karabekir Pasha. Ararat is also called Ararat by the Westerners because it is thought that Ararat Mountain and its country, which is mentioned in the Torah because of its relation with Noah's Flood, and its country are Ağrı and its surroundings. Ağrı, which was a district in 1834 and a district in 1869, became the provincial center in 1927. Due to the 5,137 m high mountain is Mount Ararat, Turkey's largest city has taken the name Agri.

TOURISM

Thermal Tourism

The spa area is located 5 km from Diyadin District Center, southeast of Ağrı Province. The spa area spread over a wide area including Yılanlı, Davut and Köprü hot springs. Murat River, which passes through the hot spring area, provides an important natural and visual value.

Diyadin District Center is 7 km from Erzurum-Iran transit road (E 80 State Highway). It is located in the south. Diyadin is 60 km from Ağrı city center, 55 km from Erzurum. Away. Air transportation is provided by Ağrı airport, 70 km away.

Diyadin spa area is 1925 m above sea level. In height. The terrestrial climate is dominant due to the presence of high mountains covering the Region in Diyadin in the Eastern Anatolia Region. Summers are hot and dry, winters are cold, snowy and long. In summer and winter, the temperature differences between day and night are quite high. The average annual temperature is 8.7 C; The highest annual temperature is 37 C and the lowest annual temperature is -25 C. The annual average rainfall is 305.6 mm. The average number of rainy days per year is 26.

It has healing properties since thermal waters contain bicarbonate, chloride, sulfate, calcium, carbon dioxide gas and total mineralization is 1 gr / lt. It is used in the treatment of diseases such as skin disease, rheumatism, neuritis neurology, gynecology, bone and calcification diseases, sciatica and metabolism disorder.

The temperature is 72-78 ° C. Environmental arrangements should be made around this place, which is of great importance in terms of thermal tourism. In simple terms, accommodation units are available. The 3-star thermal hotel, which was opened by the Governorship of Ağrı in 2000, has brought life here. As of this year, the privatized thermal hotel welcomes its customers in a spacious environment.

Faith tourism

Is İlyas'. The word Han is estimated to have taken from the village of Han, which is said to be located near Hakkari, or from the Hani tribe living there or from the Haniyan family. hmedi Hani visited many regions of Eastern Anatolia and studied Arabic, eloquence and religious sciences; he was also interested in astronomy. It is said that he gave lectures in İshak Pasha Palace Mosque / madrasa.

He wrote the allegorical work of edi Hani Mem-u Zin. He died in Beyazıt, and it is claimed that he died in 1707 in a manuscript. The tomb of Ahmedi Hani, which is accepted as a Veli among the people, is located next to the İshakpaşa Palace in Doğubeyazıt, is still a visitor.

The tomb of Ahmedi Hani, which is visited by hundreds of thousands of people every year, has become the center of the young girls and boys who went to the military, who are seeking healing, and healing. In Doğubayazıt, oaths are made in his name.

The Noah's Ark is the belief center mostly directed towards foreign tourism. It is a natural monument between Telçeker and Üzengili villages across the south of Ağrı Mountain. In fact, this monument is a ship-shaped shape, a trace (silhouette). Ruins, Turkey-Iran transit road 3.5 km. Away.

It is claimed that the ship, which was stranded as a result of the flood of Noah, remained here. The name of this place among the people is Mount Judi and the last departure of the Judi mountain range. Since 1983, the search for the remains of the holy ship has accelerated here. American researchers, especially James Irwin, have examined this place in many ways. Turkish scientists (Atatürk University and MTA Institute staff) have also studied this formation scientifically. Since the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the High Council of Immovable Cultural and Natural Assets, dated September 17, 1987 and numbered 3657, it was stated that the ship's mass had the property of “immovable cultural and natural assets that need to be protected”, and this place was taken under protection as a natural site and open air museum. A touristy cafeteria was built in a place where the remains of the ship will see bird's eye.

On September 11, 1959, map captain İhsan Durupınar found an interesting picture while examining aerial photometric maps of the Eastern region. Painting was of interest to the whole world. This was likely to be Noah's ark. After this date, searches for ships accelerated in the landslide area on Mount Ağrı and Telçeker village.

The landslide area is located on the slopes of Telçeker and Üzengili villages, just south of the Ağrı mountain, south of the D. Bayazıt-Gürbulak road. There is a ship-shaped shape here, which is the earth shape the map captain stands on. It is still a matter of debate whether this structure, which resembles a ship at first sight, is due to landslide or where Noah's ship landed. While the shape is as interesting as Noah's ark, it is a natural monument. Even if it is formed as a result of a game of the earth's crust, the shape is also interesting in terms of earth sciences.

Physical Properties of Noah's Ark

Although the ship's mass is on the slope, which is a continuous landslide and where the current continues with all its severity, it remained simple in place and the shape was not distorted.

The shape of the mass is similar to the first ships made by human beings. The head is very narrow and the back is narrowed towards the middle.

165 m in size. x 50 m. x 13 m. And extent. (These figures correspond to the measurements stated in the scriptures.)

Compared to the soil that creates the environment; the material of the ship's mass has a strong physical strength.

There are sections on the ship and on its surface, arranged on three different levels, evenly distributed and showing physical differences.

There are gaps and bumps in various parts of the ship that resemble masts.

Plateau Tourism

Plateauism is a tradition that has been going on from the ancient years until today. Due to the use of pasture lands as pasture, pedestrians can be reached. Both animal nutrition and healthier animal products are obtained from fat, cheese and curd. Even today, the plateau life continues with all its vitality as it was years ago.

Although the plateau exit time varies depending on the weather conditions, it is generally the end of May and the beginning of June. History is determined together by the village headmen and village delegations. This date is determined by the amount of snow falling and the estimated time of departure. Nobody can go to the plateau before the determined date.

Although the preparations do not start as many months as before, they are started one week before the plateau time.

Life on the plateau is more lively and more fertile. Plateau life covers a three-month period that lasts from the beginning of June to the first week of September. Go to bed earlier and get up early. Because daily life starts very early on the plateau. It is sheltered in local tents called Kon. Beginning early in the morning, cattle are milked, milk skimmed, skimmed in a cream bowl, skimmed milk is collected in a cheese cauldron. Before the sun rises, the animals are thawed and released. After the animals are taken to the pasture (pasture), the manure of the barn is cleaned. In cleaning the manure, barn brooms made of a kind of bush, whose branches are called "skirting" are rigid and flexible, with a wide mouth digging. Fertilizer collected in the middle of the barn is collected in a suitable place in front of the house and wheelbarrows are thrown out. These are used as firewood in the winter.

At the beginning of the daily work of the platter, it is necessary to evaluate the milk milk. The skimmed milk collected in the cheese cauldron is made when it reaches a certain consistency. The cheese is boiled and poured into bags made of cheesecloth and filtered. The cheese obtained in this way is either sold to the dairy immediately or collected and sold in the market in autumn.

Aladağlar, Sinek and Ağrı mountain skirts are among the most important transhumance centers of our city. Aladağ Plateaus, one of the most rugged, highest and widest plains of Eastern Anatolia, is located in the south of the province. It covers a large area from Hamur Valley to Tendürek Mountain. It constitutes a very important place in terms of livestock. Sinek Plateau, which is the second largest plateau after the Aladağ Plateau of the province, covers the area between Ahtalar Gedik and Balık Lake. Apart from these in the province; There are Mirgemir- Çakmak (Kılıç) Plateaus, Davul Plateau, Kraktin Plateau, Pani Plateau and Katavin Plateau. There are those coming from Sivar provinces by renting a plateau from Erzurum, Kars, Iğdır to Ağrı.

Mountain and Trekking

Ararat, Turkey's highest mountain, which is collecting great interest in terms of mountaineering and mountain tourism. According to legend, after the big flood, Noah's ark is believed to be here, and is also mentioned in the holy books.

According to the records, the first climb to the mountain, which Marco Polo said will never be able to climb, on October 9, 1929. Performed by Frederik Von Parat. The second winter climb, after the first climb, was one of the former chairmen of the Mountaineering Federation on February 21, 1970. It was realized by Bozkurt Ergör.

Mount Ararat, where snow is never missing, attracts a large number of tourists every year from various countries. Camps are set up on the mountain slopes and climbing tours are organized by the local and foreign teams in the summer every year. Guides who are trained in mountaineering, who know the characteristics of Mount Ararat and the climbing routes, help tourists. Big and Small Ağrı Mountains, 2678 m. Serbulak Passage in the height separates. Located in the south of the province, Suphandagi, Aladag and Tendürek Mountains have great potential for mountaineering and trekking.

Cave Tourism

Meya (Günbuldü) Cave:

It is in Günbuldu village, 12 km from Diyadin district center. Caves and historical ruins are located 400 m from the village in the settlement, which looks like an ancient city. Carved into the rocks, shelters, temples, places of worship, rooms and caves are quite interesting. There are traces of different beliefs in the shelters and places of worship. There are mihrab, crucifix stones and graves left from the highly destroyed city.

Ice Cave:

It is a natural memorial cave located on the same lava tunnel system as the meteor pit, about 3 km north east of Hallaç village on the southern skirt of Küçük Ağrı Mountain. The cave is an ellipse-shaped pit with a long axis, approximately 100 m long, 50 meters wide, 8 m deep. The mouth of the cave is slightly above the main pit. It is possible to see basalt lava, rocks and ice sheets formed by the freezing of pure and clean waters on these rocks. The ice cave, which has clear ice layers, stalactites and stalagmites on the rocks, has a variable atmosphere according to the seasons.

The ice cave, which is not very cold in the winter, freezes the water dripping from above with the effect of air flow and turns it into ice. The ice stalactites and stalagmites, which contrast with the outside in such a large pit in the warmest region of Doğubayazıt district, are astounding. Sunlight, which glides from the mouth of the cave, plays light games on the ice in the cave.

As it can be understood from many swamps in the Doğubayazıt plain, the groundwater table is very high. In this case, the air flow is thought to originate from places close to the cave.

It is believed to be a special composition of this cold air, which starts from the lower fly village and extends towards the cave, coming from the bottom of the cave, cooling the inner part of the cave and dripping from the rock sections on the cave ceiling and dripping water dripping. The nesting of the birds in the cave, no one has been affected in the cave until now, and the continuous taking of ice water indicates that the air composition is non-toxic.

This cave, which the locals call as a freezer, meets the water needs of the surrounding settlements.

When the light is shined, the pieces of ice that shine like crystal and turn from color leave people amazed.

One of the most important features of the cave is that it is cold in summer and hot in winter. There is a constant flow of hot and cold air at the door.

Bird Watching Areas

Two lakes located in the gap between Doğubayazıt district and Mount Ararat.covers the bogs that lie between them. These reeds are among the 100 most important bird areas in Turkey. Reeds feed on streams from the Fish Lake and Tendürek Mountains. Common bird species in the region can be counted as prairie borer, redbud, heron, grizzly duck, pasbaş, pike, patka, grizzly and scarlet. As the region is on the crossing route of migratory birds, the number of birds increases in spring and autumn.

CUISINE

1- Abdigör Meatballs

2- Trout

3- Haşıl

4- Hengel

5- Murtuga

6- Halise

7- Liar Meatballs

8- Ayran Soup

9- Çiriş Ketesi

10- Pişi Erdek

11- Hasude

12- Kuymak

13- White Honey

14- Kavurma

15- Goolberg Meat

16- Kete

17- Keledoş

18- Noodle

City Satisfaction

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Access To Mental Health Services

Sense Of Feeling Welcome In Country

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Job Opportunities Available While A Student

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